Rolland, Romain

   writer, Nobel laureate
   Born in Clamecy, during a sojourn at the École française de Rome (1889-91), Romain Rolland met Malwilda von Meysenbug, who introduced him to Germanic culture. Passionate about music as well as art history, he published Vies des hommes illustres (1903-11) and Vie de Beethoven (1903), in which he presented his idea of a humanitarian heroism. Divided between the thought of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and Russian writer Lev Tolstoy, Rolland imagined a nonviolent hero who would seek to "understand all so as to love all." His Au-dessus de la mêlée (1915), a series of articles written during a self-imposed exile in Switzerland (he was a pacifist), won him the Nobel Prize (1916) but also enemies on both sides of the Rhine. In contact with some noted world figures (he met Mohandas Gandhi and Maxim Gorky), Rolland wrote two vast novel series, Jean-Christophe (1903-12) and L'Âme enchantée (1922-33), works on the theater, and later published his autobiography, Voyage intérieur (1942).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Rolland, Romain — born Jan. 29, 1866, Clamecy, France died Dec. 30, 1944, Vézelay French novelist, dramatist, and essayist. At age 14 he went to Paris to study and found a society in spiritual disarray, and his life and writings came to reflect his concern with… …   Universalium

  • Rolland, Romain — ► (1866 1944) Escritor francés. Su fecunda producción comprende biografías y estudios de musicología como La vida de Beethoven (1903). Fue premio Nobel de Literatura en 1915. * * * (29 ene. 1866, Clamecy, Francia–30 dic. 1944, Vézelay). Novelista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rolland,Romain — Rol·land (rô läɴʹ), Romain. 1866 1944. French writer whose varied works include Jean Christophe (1904 1912), a series of satirical novels. He won the 1915 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * …   Universalium

  • Rolland — Rolland, Romain …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Romain Rolland — Born 29 January 1866(1866 01 29) Clamecy, Nièvre Died 30 December 1944(1944 12 30) (aged 78) …   Wikipedia

  • Romain Rolland — (1915) Romain Rolland (* 29. Januar 1866 in Clamecy (Nièvre), Département Nièvre; † 30. Dezember 1944 in Vézelay) war ein französischer Schriftsteller und Musikkritiker. Er wurde 1915 als dritter Franzose mit dem Nobelpreis für Literatur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Romain Rolland — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Romain Rolland escritor francés nacido en Clamecy, Nièvre, el 29 de enero de 1866 y fallecido en Vézelay el 30 de diciembre de 1944. Su primer libro fue publicado en 1902, cuando tenía 36 años. Trece años más tarde,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rolland — (Romain) (1866 1944) écrivain français. Il associa l idéal patriotique et l internationalisme: pièces de théâtre, biographies (Beethoven, 1903, etc.), manifeste pacifiste (Au dessus de la mêlée, 1915), récits (Colas Breugnon, 1919), cycles… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Romain Rolland — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rolland. Romain Rolland Romain Rolla …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Romain Rolland : sa vie, son œuvre (livre de Stefan Zweig) — Romain Rolland : sa vie, son œuvre (en allemand Romain Rolland: der Mann und das Werk) est une biographie de Romain Rolland écrite par Stefan Zweig en 1921, avec un additif sur la période allant de 1921 à 1929. C est un vibrant hommage rendu …   Wikipédia en Français

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